Postwar Compensation Cases in Japan

Stand: 31. Aug. 2002  

0. Taiwanese ex-soldiers v. Japan: <Tokyo District Court> brought on Aug. 13. 1977, decided on Feb. 26. 1982 (dismissal). <Tokyo High Court> decided on Aug. 26. 1985 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Apr. 28. 1992 (dismissal).

1. Korean holdovers resident in Sakhalin v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 29. 1990, on Jul. 14. 1995 voluntary dismissal of suit.

2. Korean ex-soldiers and ex-civilians v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Oct. 29. 1990.

3. Korean disabled ex-civilian (Jeong, Sang-geun) v. Japan: <Osaka DC> brought on Jan. 31. 1991, decided on Oct. 11. 1995 (dismissal). <Osaka HC> decided on Sep. 10. 99 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Apr. 13. 2001 (dismissal).

4. The korean bereaved of the Kamishiska (Sakhalin) slaughter v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 18. 1991, decided on Jul. 27. 1995 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Aug. 7. 1996 (dismissal).

5. Korean mobilized worker (Kim, Gyeong-seok) v. NKK Co.: <Tokyo DC> brought on Sep. 30. 1991, decided on May 26. 1997(dismissal). <Tokyo HC> on Apr. 6. 1999 consent judgment.

6. Korean war criminals v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Nov. 12. 1991, decided on Sep. 9. 1996 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Jul. 13. 1998 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Dec. 20. 1999 (dismissal).

7. Korean sufferers and victims of the Asian and Pacific-Ocean War (Kim, Hak-sun and others) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 6. 1991, decided on Mar. 26. 2001 (dismissal).

8. Conscripted korean ex-soldiers and ex-civilians etc. v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 12. 1991, decided on Nov. 22. 1996 (dismissal).

9. Korean ex-soldier detained in Siberia (Lee, Chang-seok) v. Japan: <Kyoto DC> brought on Jan. 9. 1992, decided on Mar. 27. 1998 (dismissal). <Osaka HC> decided on Feb. 23. 2000 (dismissal).

10. Korean ex-soldiers and ex-civilians resident in Gwangju-city (Korea) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 14. 1992, decided on Dec. 21. 1998 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Dec. 21. 1999 (desmissal).

11. Korean mobilized worker (in Nagasaki, Kim, Sun-gil) v. Japan and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co.: <Nagasaki DC> brought on Jul. 31. 1992, decided on Dec. 2. 1997 (dismissal). <Fukuoka HC> decided on Oct. 1. 1999 (dismissal).

12. Korean disabled ex-civilian (Seok, Seong-gi andJin, Seok-il) v. the Secretary of the Home Office: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 14. 1992, decided on Jul. 15. 1994 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Sep. 29. 1998 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Apr. 5. 2001 (dismissal).

13. The survivor and bereaved of victims of the Ship-Ukishimamaru accident v. Japan: <Kyoto DC> brought on Aug. 25. 1992, decided on Aug. 23. 2001 (partial acceptance of the claim).

14. 369 korean sufferers of the governance by Japanese Imperium v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 28. 1992, decided on Mar. 25. 1996 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Aug. 30. 1999 (dismissal).

15. Mobilized korean workwomen v. Nachi-Fujikoshi Co.: <Toyama DC> brought on Sep. 30. 1992, decided on Jul. 24. 1996 (dismissal), <Nagoya HC/Kanazawa branch> decided on Dec. 21. 1998 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> on Jul. 17. 2000 consent judgment.

16. Korean disabled ex-soldier (Kim, Seong-su) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Nov. 5. 1992, decided on Jun. 23. 1998 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Apr. 27. 2000 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Nov. 16. 2001 (dismissal).

17. gComfort womenh victims and mobilized workwomen resident in Pusan (Korea) v. Japan: <Yamaguchi DC/Shimonoseki branch> brought on Dec. 25. 1992, decided on Apr. 27. 1998 (partial acceptance of the claim). <Hiroshima HC> decided on Mar. 29. 2001 (dismissal: all claims were rejected).

18. gComfort womenh victims resident in Philippines v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Apr. 2. 1993, decided on Oct. 9. 1998 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Dec. 6. 2000 (dismissal).

19. gComfort womenh victim resident in Japan (korean woman/Song, Sin-do) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Apr. 5. 1993, decided on Oct. 1. 1999 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Nov. 30. 2000 (dismissal).

20. 17 members of Hongkong Compensation Association v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 13. 1993, decided on Jun. 17. 1999 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Feb. 8. 2001 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Oct. 16. 2001 (dismissal).

21. Korean disabled ex-civilian (Kang, Bu-jung) v. Japan: <Ohtsu DC> brought on Aug. 26. 1993, decided on Nov. 17. 1997 (dismissal). <Osaka HC> advisory opinion for settlement on May 14. 1999, decided on Oct. 15. 1999 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Apr. 13. 2001 (dismissal).

22. Citizen of Tokyo v. Tokyo Metropolitan Gov. (claim of prohibitory injunction against incineration of POWsf bones): <Tokyo DC> brought on Sep. 2. 1993, decided on Dec. 5. 1994 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Dec. 20. 1995 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Dec. 20. 1995 (dismissal).

23. Korean disabled ex-soldier (Kim, Seong-su) v. the Secretary of the Home Office: <Tokyo DC> brought on Jan. 18. 1995, decided on Jul. 31. 1998 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Dec. 27. 1999 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Nov. 16. 2001 (dismissal).

24. Former Dutch POWs and citizen captives v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Jan. 25. 1994, decided on Nov. 30. 1998 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Oct. 11. 2001 (dismissal).

25. Former POWs of the Allies v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on May 26. 94.

26. Former citizen captives of UK, USA, Australia and New Zealand v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Jan. 30. 1995, decided on Nov. 26. 1998 (dismissal).

27. Korean war criminals and their bereaved v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on May 10. 1995, decided on Mar. 24. 1999 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on May. 25. 2000 (dismissal). <Supreme Court> decided on Nov. 22. 2001 (dismissal).

28. Chinese mobilized worker v. Kajima Co.: <Tokyo DC> brought on Jun. 28. 1995, decided on Dec. 10. 1997 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> advisory opinion for settlement on Sep. 10. 1999, on Nov. 29. 1999 consent judgment.

29. gComfort womenh victims resident in China v. Japan (first action): <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 7. 1995, decided on May 30. 2001 (dismissal).

30. Chinese sufferers and bereaved of the victims of the Nangkin slaughter etc. v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 7. 1995, decided on Sep. 22. 1999 (dismissal).

31. Korean mobilized workers v. Nippon Steal Co. and Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Sep. 22. 1995, on Sep. 18. 1997 consent judgment (on the claim against company).

32. Korean mobilized workers (in Hiroshima) v. Japan and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co. (first action): <Hiroshima DC> brought on Dec. 11. 1995, decided on Mar. 25. 1999 (dismissal).

33. gComfort womenh victims resident in China v. Japan (second action) : <Tokyo DC> brought on Feb. 23. 1996, decided on Mar. 29. 2002 (dismissal).

34. Chinese mobilized worker (Liu, Lian Ren) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Mar. 15. 1996, decided on Jul. 12. 2001 (acceptance of the claim).

35. Chinese surfferers and bereaveds of the victims of Ping Ding Shan genocide etc. v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 14. 1996, decided on Jun. 28. 2002 (dismissal).

36. Korean mobilized workers (in Hiroshima) v. Japan and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co. (second action) : <Hiroshima DC> brought on Aug. 29. 1996.

37. Chinese sufferers by discarded poison-gas bombs of Japan Army v. Japan (first action) : <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 9. 1996.

38. Korean mobilized workwomen (in Numazu) v. Tokyo Asaito Spinnery Co. and Japan: <Shizuoka DC> brought on Apr. 14. 1997, decided on Jan. 27. 2000 (dismissal). <Tokyo HC> decided on Jan. 15. 2002.

39. Chinese sufferers and bereaved of the victims by bacterio-weapons of the 731 Corps of Japan Army v. Japan (first action) : <Tokyo DC> brought on Aug. 11. 1997, decided on Aug. 27. 2002 (dismissal).

40. 42 Chinese mobilized workers v. 10 Japanese corporations and Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Sep. 18. 1997.

41. Chinese sufferers by discarded poison-gas bombs of Japan Army v. Japan (second action) : <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 9. 1997.

42. Chinese mobilized workers (in Nagano) v. 4 Japanese corporations and Japan: <Nagano DC> brought on Dec. 22. 1997.

43. Korean mobilized workers (in Osaka, Sin, Cheon-su and Yeo, Un-taek) v. Nippon Steal Co. and Japan: <Osaka DC> brought on Dec. 24. 1997, decided on Mar. 27. 2001 (dismissal).

44. Chinese mobilized workers (in Hiroshima) and their bereaved v. Nishimatsu Construction Co.: <Hiroshima DC> brought on Jan. 16. 1998, decided on Jul. 9. 2002 (dismissal).

45. Taiwanese ex-civilian (Lin, Shui Mu) v. the Secretary of the Home Office etc.: <Miyazaki DC> brought on May 7. 1998.

46. Chinese mobilized workers (in Kyoto) v. Nippon Yakin Kogyo Co. and Japan: <Kyoto DC> brought on Aug. 14. 1998.

46.5. Korean ex-soldier victimized by A-bomb v. the Minister of the Ministry of Health etc.: <Osaka DC> brought on Oct. 1. 1998, decided on Jun. 1. 2001 (acceptance of the claim).

47. gComfort womenh victims resident in Shanxi-province (China) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Oct. 30. 1998.

 

48. Korean mobilized workwomen (in Nagoya) v. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co. and Japan: <Nagoya DC> brought on Mar. 1. 1999.

48.5 Korean mobilized worker victimized by A-bomb (Lee, Gang-yeong) v. the Minister of the Ministry of Health etc. : <Nagasaki DC> brought on May 31. 1999, decided on Dec. 26. 2001 (acceptance of the claim).

49. gComfort womenh victims resident in Taiwan v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on July 14. 1999.

50. Former POWs of the USA (R. Lebenberg etc.) v. US Nippon Sharyo Co. etc.: <Superior Court of California/County of Los Angeles> brought on Aug. 6. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

51. Former POWs of the USA (L. Tenny) v. US Mitsui Co. etc.: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Aug. 11. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

52. Chinese mobilized worker (in Niigata/ Zhang, Wen Bin) v. Rinko Corporation and Japan (first action): <Niigata DC> brought on Aug. 31. 1999.

53. Chinese mobilized workers (in Hokkaido) v. 5 Japanese corporations and Japan: <Sapporo DC> brought on Sep. 1. 1999.

54. Former POWs of the USA (E. Jackfert etc.) v. US Mitsubishi Co. etc.: < US District Court/District of New Mexico> brought on Sep. 13. 1999.*

55. Former POWs of the USA (F. Dilman etc.) v. US Mitsubishi Co. etc.: <Superior Court of California/Orange> brought on Sep. 14. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

56. Korean mobilized worker (J. Chung) v. Onoda (Taiheiyo) Cement Co.: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Oct. 4. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

56.5. Korean mobilized workers resident in US v. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co. and Japan: <Superior Court of California/San Francisco> brought on Oct. 22. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

57. Former POWs of the USA (H. Pool etc.) v. Nippon Steal Co. and Ishihara Co.: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Dec. 7. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

58. Former POWs of the Australia etc. v. US Mitsui Co. etc.: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Dec. 7. 1999, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

59. Chinese sufferers and bereaved of the victims by bacterio-weapons of the 731 Corps of Japan Army v. Japan (second action): <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 9. 1999.

59.5. Former POWs of the UK v. Japan Energy Co.: <Superior Court of California/Orange> brought on Feb. 4. 2000, decided by US District Court (dismissal without prejudice).*

60. Korean mobilized workers resident in Pusan v. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Co.: <Pusan DC (Korea)> bought on May 1. 2000.

60.3. Chinese mobilized worker (in Fukuoka) v. Mitsui-Mining Co. and Japan: <Fukuoka DC> bought on May 10. 00, decided on Apr. 26. 02 (acceptance of the claim against the Company).

60.5. Korean and Philippine mobilized workers v. 27 Japanese corporations: <Superior Court of California/Orange> brought on May 16. 2000.*

61. Chinese mobilized workers v. 20 Japanese corporations: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Aug. 22. 2000.*

62. Chinese mobilized workers and bereaved of workers (in Niigata) v. Japan etc.: <Niigata DC> bought on Sep. 12. 2000.

63. 15 gcomfort womenh victims resident in Korea, China, Philippines, and Taiwan v. Japan: < US District Court/District of Columbia> brought on Sep. 18. 2000, decided on Oct. 4. 2001 (dismissal without prejudice).*

64. Korean mobilized workwomen v. Nachi-Fujikoshi Co.: <Superior Court of California/Orange> brought on Sep. 2000.*

65. Chinese mobilized workers and bereaveds of workers v. 5 Japanese corporations: <Hebei -Sheng Peoplefs HC (China)> bought on Dec. 27. 2000.

66. Korean mobilized workers resident in LA v. Mitsui Co. and Mitsubishi Co.: <Superior Court of California/LA> brought on Feb. 27. 2001.*

67. gComfort womenh victims resident in Hainan-Dao (China) v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Jul. 16. 2001.

68. Former POWs of the USA (M. Rosen etc.) v. US Mitsubishi Co. etc.: < US District Court/Northern District of Illinois> brought on Sep. 4. 2001.*

68.5 Chinese mobilized worker (in Niigata) v. Rinko Corporation and Japan (second action): <Niigata DC> brought on Sep. 12. 2000.

69. Korean A-bomb victim (Lee, Jae-seok) v. Japan and the Osaka Prefecture Gov. etc.: <Osaka DC> brought on Oct. 3. 2001.

70. Japanese holdovers resident in China v. Japan: <Tokyo DC> brought on Dec. 7. 2001.

 

*See 3(1) of this article. Although there are even more suits and decisions, I could not follow up all of them.

Stand: 31. Aug. 2002

Quelle: Masanori Okada, Klagen auf Wiedergutmachung und die staatliche Verantwortung fuer Menschenrechtsverletzungen: Fragen und Aufgaben fuer Japan, in: Zeitschrift fuer Japanisches Recht, Heft 14 (2002), S. 144 ff.

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