International Scholars’ Appeal

Concerning the 2002-Edition Japanese History Textbooks

(Inaugurated on July 10, 2001)

 

We the undersigned support the efforts of Japanese historians, educators, and citizens to ensure that textbooks are consistent with values of peace, justice, and truth. We join them in protesting the recent decision of the Japanese Ministry of Education and Science to approve a new textbook that tramples on these values.

 We refer to Nishio Kanji et al., Atarashii Rekishi Kyokasho, a new junior high history textbook written by a group of right-wing nationalists and published by Fusosha. Although historians and educators inside and outside Japan raised important questions about the text, it passed Japanese government textbook screening in early Spring 2001 and is now approved for use in 2002 in junior high schools.

 History textbooks and instruction are the primary means whereby younger generations learn about their past. Indeed, for many people, school textbooks provide the most systematic introduction to the past that they will ever receive. Textbooks should, therefore, provide students with truthful accounts that reflect the finest achievements of historical research. This is all the more important in Japan, since school textbooks bear a government imprimatur because of Japan’s system of government screening.

 History textbooks are not merely the repository of society’s understanding of the past; they also convey what we as a society choose to remember and represent as the core of civic knowledge. They convey to students ideas about local, national, and global citizenship, and thereby help to shape our future. It is precisely because of this characteristic of textbooks that their content has been so fiercely contested, particularly during the last half century and more in Japan as elsewhere.

 At the dawn of the twenty-first century, we recognize the mistakes committed by the human race in the last century, including the atrocities associated with colonialism and war. Reconciliation and reorientation to build a new global community in which humanity prevails are our urgent tasks. It is, therefore, imperative that school textbooks present knowledge and values that contribute to making our world more democratic, peaceful, and just.

 The new Japanese history textbook Atarashii Rekishi Kyokasho is unfit as a teaching tool because it negates both the truth about Japan’s record in colonialism and war and the values that will contribute to a just and peaceful Pacific and world community. Its chauvinistic history, in overemphasizing what its authors call the “bright side” of the nation and disregarding the “dark side,” fundamentally distorts the history of Japan and Asia. Here we call attention to only the most egregious examples (see the information sheet for additional details).

 ·      The textbook legitimizes the Japanese colonization of Korea in terms of the need to protect Japanese security and economic interests. It provides little discussion of Japan’s colonial policies of repression and exploitation of Koreans and Taiwanese, who experienced decades of colonial rule.

 ·      It describes the Japanese invasion of China and other Asian countries in the 1930s and 1940s as an “extension of the battle line” or “advance,” eschewing the term “aggression.” Ignoring the heavy toll in human lives suffered by the victims of nations that Japan invaded during the “Greater East Asian War” and the Japanese subjugation of Asian people, it strongly suggests that the war was aimed at the liberation of Asian nations from (western) colonization.

 ·     It details war atrocities committed by the Allied forces and Nazi Germany, while virtually ignoring Japan’s own (e.g., the cruel experiments of the biological warfare unit 731 and the massacre of the Chinese population in Singapore). It refers to the Nanjing Massacre but minimizes its importance by referring to “points of doubt” about the event.

 ·     It ignores completely the enslavement of tens of thousands of “comfort women” as sexual slaves of the Japanese military.

 All nations have disgraceful chapters in their histories. Teaching history today requires comparative and international perspectives that help students examine and reflect on such problems. We should not forget painful events but learn from them, because such lessons are the first step toward reconciliation. Like our colleagues in Japan, we too face important historical issues that we have yet to deal with effectively in our textbooks and in public discourse. But we join them now in expressing concern about the ideological orientation of this textbook and the effects it will have both in (mis)educating students and poisoning the relationship between Japan and neighboring countries that experienced Japanese invasion and rule.

  

Signatures (As of March 27, 2002)

Name                   Position                Discipline              Institution*            Location/Country
                                                          (*Institutions listed for purposes of identification only)

Janet Abu-Lughod, Professor Emerita, New School for Social Research, USA

Howard Adelman, Professor, Philosophy, York University, Canada

Joseph A. Adler, Associate Professor, Religious Studies, Kenyon College, USA

Anne Allison, Associate Professor, Cultural Anthropology, Duke University, USA

Richard J. Altenbaugh, Professor, Education, Slippery Rock University, USA

Linda Isako Angst, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Lewis and Clark College, USA

Mikiya Aoyama, Associate Processor, Japanese History, Nanzan University, Japan

Staffan Appelgren, Lecturer, Social-Anthropology, Goteborg University, Sweden

Michael W. Apple, Professor, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Ling Zhang Arenson, Visiting Assistant Professor, History, DePaul University, USA

Stephen Arons, Professor, Legal Studies, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA

Giovanni Arrighi, Professor, Sociology, Johns Hopkins University, USA

E. Taylor Atkins, Assistant Professor, History, Northern Illinois University, USA

Lionel A. Babicz, Assistant Professor, Japanese History, Hebrew University, Israel

Youngsoo Bae, Professor, History, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea

Chong-En Bai, Associate Professor, Economics, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

David J. Ball, Professor, Risk Management, Middlesex University, London, UK

Tim Beal, Senior Lecturer, Asian Studies, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Barbara Bedont, Staff Attorney, International Women’s Human Rights Law, City University of New York School of Law, USA

Jean-Philippe Beja, Senior Researcher, Political Science/Sinology, Centre National des Sciences Politiques and Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, France

Eyal Ben-Ari, Professor, Sociology and Anthropology, Hebrew University, Israel

Aaron Benavot, Senior Lecturer, Sociology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem,Israel

Scott H. Bennett, Assistant Professor, History, Chicago State University, USA

Pamela Benson, Lecturer, Education, Massey University, New Zealand

Ted Bestor, Professor, Anthropology, Harvard University, USA

Lucien Bianco, Professor Emeritus, History, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France

Kathleen Blee, Professor, Sociology/Women’s Studies, University of Pittsburgh, USA

Susan Blum, Associate Professor, Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA

Michael Harris Bond, Professor, Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Michel Bonnin, Senior Lecturer, History, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France

Roger W. Bowen, President and Professor, Political Science, State University of New York at New Paltz, USA

Anne-Marie Brady, Lecturer, Politics, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Marie Brennan, Professor, Education, University of Canberra, Australia

Jeffrey Broadbent, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of Minnesota, USA

Hank Bromley, Associate Professor, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

C. Loring Brace, Professor, Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA

Patricia Burdell, Assistant Professor, Education, Kent State University, USA

Charles Cabell, Assistant Professor, Japanese Language and Literature, University of Montana at Missoula, USA

Menghui Cao, Ph.D. Candidate, Operations Research, Columbia University, USA

Jim Carl, Associate Professor, Education, Cleveland State University, USA

Peter Carroll, Assistant Professor, History, Northwestern University, USA

Peter Cave, Lecturer, Japanese Studies/Anthropology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

Raymond Chan, Professor, Mathematics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Maria Hsia Chang, Professor, Political Science, University of Nevada at Reno, USA

Jyh-Jia Chen, Ph.D. Candidate, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Wai Ki Ching, Lecturer, Mathematics, University of Southampton, UK

Seehwa Cho, Associate Professor, Education, University of St. Thomas, USA

Yong-ho Choe, Professor, History, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

Noam Chomsky, Professor, Linguistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

Kai-wing Chow, Associate Professor, History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Ying-Foon Chow, Associate Professor, Finance, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Alvin P. Cohen, Professor, Chinese, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA

Theodore F. Cook, Professor, History, William Paterson University, USA

Sandi E. Cooper, Professor, History, City University of New York at Staten Island, USA

Catherine Cornbleth, Professor, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Cui Ping, Assistant Researcher, Environmental Economics, China State Forestry Administration, China

Bruce Cumings, Professor, History, University of Chicago, USA

Mary Jane Curry, Research Fellow, Education, Open University, UK

Katarzyna J. Cwiertka, Researcher, Japanese History, Leiden University, Netherlands

Beatrice David, Visiting Assistant Professor, Sociology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Chris Lawe Davies, Director of Studies, Social Science Faculty, University of Queensland, Australia

Delia Davin, Professor, Chinese Studies, University of Leeds, UK

Deborah Davis, Professor, Sociology, Yale University, USA

Scott Davis, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Miyazaki International College, Japan

Brett De Bary, Professor, Asian Studies/Comparative Literature, Cornell University, USA

Robert F. Dennehy, Professor, Management, Pace University, USA  

Greg Dimitriadis, Assistant Professor, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Jonathan Dresner, Assistant Professor, History, Coe College, USA

Ruxu Du, Associate Professor, Computer Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Isa Ducke, Researcher, Political Science, German Institute for Japanese Studies, Japan

Alexis Dudden, Assistant Professor, History, Connecticut College, USA

Arthur Power Dudden, Professor Emeritus, History, Bryn Mawr College, USA

Mary M. Dusenbury, Acting Curator of Asian Art, University of Kansas, USA

Peter Duus, Professor, History, Stanford University, USA

Jerry Eades, Professor, Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan

Robert Efird, Ph.D. Candidate, Sociocultural Anthropology, University of Washington, USA

Walter Edwards, Professor, Japanese Studies, Tenri University, Japan

Julie Ellisan, Professor, English Language and Literature, University of Michigan, USA

Masako Endo, Ph.D. Candidate, Sociology, State University of New York at Binghamton, USA

Robert Y. Eng, Professor, History, University of Redlands, USA

Robert Entenmann, Professor, History, St. Olaf College, USA

Irving Epstein, Associate Professor, Education, Illinois Wesleyan University, USA

Stephen Epstein, Senior Lecturer, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Joan E. Ericson, Associate Professor, Japanese, Colorado College, USA

Sylvan Esh, Editor, Distance Education, University of Wisconsin System, USA

Elyssa Faison, Assistant Professor, History, University of Oklahoma at Norman, USA

Alfonso J. Falero, Associate Professor, Japanese Intellectual History, Salamanca University, Spain

Tom Fenton, Managing Editor, Critical Asian Studies, USA

Norma Field, Professor, Japanese Literature, University of Chicago, USA

Joshua A. Fogel, Professor, History, University of California at Santa Barbara, USA

Stephen M. Forrest, Visiting Assistant Professor, Japanese Language and Literature, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA

Stuart Foster, Senior Lecturer, Education, University of London, UK

Nancy Fraser, Professor, Politics and Philosophy, New School for Social Research, USA

D. Bunji Fromartz, Juris Doctor, Law, Fromartz Law Offices in New York, USA

Sabine Fruhstuck, Assistant Professor, Modern Japanese Cultural Studies, University of California at Santa Barbara, USA

Eri Fujieda, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Sarah Lawrence College, USA

Takashi Fujitani, Associate Professor, History, University of California at San Diego, USA

Emilio Garcia Montiel, Professor, Japanese Urban Culture, Instituto Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico

Suzanne Gay, Associate Professor, East Asian Studies, Oberlin College, USA

Cynthia Gao, Software Engineer, Teleknowledge at Framingham, USA

Liangyan Ge, Assistant Professor, East Asian Studies, University of Notre Dame, USA

Timothy S. George, Assistant Professor, Japanese History, University of Rhode Island, USA

Tom Gill, Associate Professor, Social Anthropology, University of Tokyo, Japan

Fiona Godrey, Lawyer, Trier, Germany

Scott M. Gold, Archiect, MWM Architects, Guam office, USA

Ofra Goldstein-Gidoni,  East Asian Studies/Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel

Andrew Gordon, Professor, Japanese History, Harvard University, USA

David G. Goodman, Professor, Japanese Literature, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Farrell Graves, Ph.D. Candidate, Modern Japanese Ethics, University of California at Irvine, USA

Robert Gray, Ph.D. Candidate, Chinese History, University of Michigan, USA

A. James Gregor, Professor, Political Science, University of California at Berkeley, USA

A. Tom Grunfeld, Professor, History, Empire State College, State University of New York, USA

Greg Guelcher, Assistant Professor, History, Morningside College, USA

Zibin Guo, Assistant Professor, Medical Anthropology, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA

Mikiso Hane, Professor Emeritus, History, Knox College, USA

Paul Harris, Founding Chairman, Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor, Hong Kong

Sheldon H. Harris, Professor Emeritus, History, California State University at Northridge, USA

Barbara Hartley, Lecturer, Education/Creative Arts, Central Queensland University, Australia

Giyoo Hatano, Professor, Cognitive Psychology, University of the Air, Japan

Charles W. Hayford, Visiting Professor, History, Northwestern University, USA

William P. Head, Chief, WR-ALC Office of History, USA

Laura Hein, Associate Professor, Japanese History, Northwestern University, USA

Robert E. Hegel, Professor, Chinese Literature, Washington University, USA

Jonathan Hibbs, Director, Bacteriology Laboratory for the New York State Department of Health, USA

Ben Hillman, Ph.D. Candidate, Asian Studies, Australian National University, Australia

Atsuko Hirai, Professor, History, Bates College, USA

Kwok-Pun Ho, Ph.D. Candidate, Mathematics, Washington University, USA

James-Henry Holland, Associate Professor,  Hobart and William Smith Colleges, USA

Simon Holledge, Editor, Ancient East Asia Website, Japan

Helen M. Hopper, Adjunct Professor, Japanese History, University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University, USA

Paul J. Hopper, Professor, Rhetoric, Carnegie Mellon University, USA

Jun Hu, Juris Doctor, Law, Simpson Thatcher & Bartlett, New York, USA

Shaohua Hu, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Wagner College, USA

Ling Huang, Assistant Professor, Economics, Beijing University, China

James L. Huffman, Professor, History, Wittenberg University, USA

Kazumasa Igata, Graduate Student, International Sociology, Hitotsubashi University, Japan

Georg Iggers, Professor Emeritus, History, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Wilma A. Iggers, Professor Emerita, History & German Literature, Canisius College, USA

Hiroshi Ikeda, Professor, Education, University of Osaka, Japan

Hajime Imamasa, Graduate Student, Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Hiro Inokuchi, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of East Asia, Japan

David Ip, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of Queensland, Australia

Stephen Jacobson, Professor, Educational Administration, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Roger L. Janelli, Professor, East Asian Studies, Indiana University, USA

Jin Jiang, Assistant Professor, History, Vassar College, USA

Jin Hongman, Statistician, Customs General Administration, China

Gudni Johannesson, Ph.D. Candidate, History, University of London, UK

Ingolfur Asgeir Johannesson, Associate Professor, Education, University of Akureyri, Iceland

Chalmers Johnson, President, Japan Policy Research Institute, USA

Patricia Maringi G. Johnston, Senior Lecturer, Maori Education, Massey University, New Zealand.

William Johnston, Associate Professor, Japanese History, Wesleyan University, USA

Vasant Kaiwar, Professor, History, Duke University, USA

Koon-Hwee Kan, Ph.D. Candidate, Art Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Elizabeth Karpinski, Student, Law, Columbia University, USA

Peter J. Katzenstein, Professor, Political Science, Cornell University, USA

Alison Kelly, Former Lecturer, Education, University of Manchester, UK

David L. Kenley, Assistant Professor, History, Marshall University, USA

Josephine Khu, Visiting Scholar, Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

In-geol Kim, Professor, History, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea

Joo-Kwan Kim, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, University of California at Davis, USA

Misook Kim, Researcher, Education, Korean Educational Development Institute, South Korea

Karen King, Economist, Economics, CESD-Communautaire, Luxemburg

Tomomi Kinukawa, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Bryn Mawr College, USA

Faye Yuan Kleeman, Assistant Professor, Japanese Literature & Culture, University of Colorado, USA

Mary A. Knighton, Ph.D. Candidate, English/East Asian Studies, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Haruko Kadono, writer, Tokyo, Japan

Hans Martin Kraemer, Lecturer, Japanese History, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany

Victor Koschmann, Professor, History, Cornell University, USA

Tae-Eok Kwon, Professor, Korean History, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea

Julia Kwong, Professor, Sociology, University of Manitoba, Canada

Lai Hon Ming, Professor, Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Kevin C. K. Lam, Assistant Professor, Accountancy, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Jie Lan, Lawyer, Cravath Swaine & Moore, Hong Kong

Mary Layoun, Professor, Comparative Literature, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Takie S. Lebra, Professor Emeritus, Anthropology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

Ivy Lee, Professor Emeritus, Sociology, California State University at Sacramento, USA

Issac Lee, Lecturer, Education/ Asian Studies, University of Queensland, Australia

Jeong Seon Lee, Assistant Professor, Education, Kwangju National University of Education, Republic of Korea

Jin-hee Lee, Ph.D. Candidate, East Asian Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Michael Lee, Vice President, Venture Capital, WI Harper Group, San Francisco, USA

Yoonmi Lee, Associate Research Fellow, Education, Korean Educational Development Institute, Republic of Korea

Yueh-Ting Lee, Professor, Psychology/ Ethnic Studies, Minnesota State University (Mankato), USA

Jin Pang Leung, Associate Professor, Psychology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Robert A. Levin, Associate Professor, History of Education, Youngstown State University, USA

Li Jun, Client Manager, Banking, China Construction Bank, Beijing, China  

Lieli Li, Assistant Professor, Sociology, Ohio University, Athens, USA

Shuo-Yen Robert Li, Professor, Information Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Xiaoxiao Li, Research Fellow, Chinese Politics, University of Central Oklahoma, USA

Xinda Lian, Associate Professor, East Asian Studies, Denison University, USA

Mark Lincicome, Associate Professor, History, College of the Holy Cross, USA

Hai-Qing Lin, Professor, Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Lap-Ming Lin, Ph.D. Candidate, Physics, Washington University, USA

Yanshen Lin, Ph.D. Student,  University of Tokyo, Japan

Sean Ling, Assistant Professor, Physics, Brown University, USA

Jonathan N. Lipman, Professor, History, Mount Holyoke College, USA

Matthew Lipman, Professor, Philosophy, Montclair State University, USA

Nicola Liscutin, Head Humanities Section, German Institute for Japanese Studies in Tokyo, Japan

C. Scott Littleton, Professor, Anthropology, Occidental College, USA

Chang Liu, Assistant Professor, History, Christopher Newport University, USA

Lydia H. Liu, Professor, Comparative Literature, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Grace Livingston, Ph.D. Candidate, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Ronald P. Loftus, Professor, Japanese Studies, Willamette University, USA

Angus Lockyer, Assistant Professor, History, Wake Forest University, USA

Dina Lowy, Assistant Professor, History, Gettysburg College, USA

Tracy L-D Lu, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Xiaobo Lu, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Columbia University, USA

Allan Luke, Professor, Education, University of Queensland, Australia

Dan Lusthaus, Visiting Professor, East Asian Religions, University of Missouri, USA

Thomas Lutze, Assistant Professor, East Asian History, Illinois Wesleyan University, USA

Melissa Macauley, Associate Professor, History, Northwestern University, USA  

Cameron McCarthy, Professor, Communication Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

Lesieli Kupu MacIntyre, Lecturer, Education, Massey University, New Zealand

Hongnan Ma, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, Cornell University, USA

Junling Ma, Attorney, Law, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati in Palo Alto, USA

John Maher, Professor, Linguistics, International Christian University, Japan

Cynthia Mahmood, Associate Professor, Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA

Guirong Mao, Associate Professor, Japanese Politics, Meijigakuin University, Japan

Lee A. Makela, Associate Professor, History, Cleveland State University, USA

Nandini Manjrekar, Lecturer, Women’s Studies, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India

Irving Leonard Markovitz, Professor, Political Science, Queens College and Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA

Fernando Marhuenda, Associate Professor, Education, Universitat de Valencia, Spain

Bob Marshall, Associate Professor, Anthropology, Western Washington University, USA

Byron K. Marshall, Professor Emeritus, History, University of Minnesota, USA

Kathleen Woods Masalski, Director of Outreach Programs, Smith College, USA

Kiyoko Matsuno, Professor, Women’s Studies, Kyoto Seika University, Japan

Sucheta Mazumdar, Associate Professor, History, Duke University, USA

David McConnell, Associate Professor, Anthropology, College of Wooster, USA

Gavan McCormack, Professor, History/Asian Studies, Australian National University, Australia

John R. McLane, Professor, History, Northwestern University, USA

Jan McPherson, Senior Lecture, Maori Education, Massey University, New Zealand

Brian J. McVeigh, Associate Professor, Anthropology, Toyo Gakuen University, Japan

Laura Miller, Associate Professor, Anthropology, Loyola University, USA

Stephen Miller, Assistant Professor, Japanese Language & Literature, University of Colorado, USA

Richard H. Minear, Professor, Japanese History, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA

Masao Miyoshi, Professor, Comparative Literature, University of California at San Diego, USA

Katrina Moore, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, Cornell University, USA  

Joe Moreau, Ph.D., Independent Scholar, American Culture, New York, USA

Mark Morris, Lecturer, Cambridge University & Trinity College, UK

Tessa Morris-Suzuki, Professor, Japanese History, Australian National University, Australia  

Meredith Mountford, Assistant Professor, Education, University of  Missouri-Columbia, USA

Takamitsu Muraoka, Professor, Hebrew, Leiden University, Netherlands

Diane Musselwhite, Assistant Professor, Cultural Anthropology, Poole University, Japan

Lurdes Patrocinia Matavela Nakala, Graduate Student, Education, University of Queensland, Australia

Haruko Nakamura, Japanese Subject/ Cataloging Librarian, Washington University, USA

Shuichi Nakazawa, Ph.D. Candidate, Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, USA

Mary Nash, Senior Lecturer, Social Work, Massey University, New Zealand

Roy Nash, Associate Professor, Education, Massey University, New Zealand

John Nelson, Professor, Theology and Religious Studies, University of San Francisco, USA

Beth Notar, Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Trinity College, USA

Yoshiko Nozaki, Lecturer, Education, Massey University, New Zealand

Charles W. Nuckolls, Professor, Anthropology, University of Alabama, USA

Kaoru Ohara, Associate Professor, Japanese History, Kokugakuin University, Japan

Yumiko Ohara, Researcher, Sociolinguistics, National Language Research Institute, Japan

Keiko Ono, Ph.D. Candidate, Urban Planning, University of Sydney, Australia

Roger Openshaw, Associate Professor, Education, Massey University, New Zealand

Jacqueline Pak, Korean Specialist, Library of Congress, Washington DC, USA

James B. Palais, Professor Emeritus, Korean History, University of Washington, USA

Lynn Parisi, Director, Program for Teaching East Asia, University of Colorado  

Nancy Pauly, Assistant Professor, Education, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA

Thomas C. Pedroni, Graduate Student, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Louis G. Perez, Professor, Education/History, Illinois State University at Normal, USA

Judith Perkins, Dissertator, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Elizabeth J. Perry, Professor, Government, Harvard University, USA

Kenneth Pomeranz, Professor, History, University of California at Irvine, USA

Karoline Postel-Vinay, Researcher, Political Science, Foundation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, France

Cyril H. Powles, Professor Emeritus, Japanese History, University of Toronto, Canada

John Price, Professor, History, University of Victoria, Canada

Kongpang Pun, Lecturer, Electronic Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Laurel Rasplica Rodd, Professor, Japanese & Comparative Literature, University of Colorado, USA

Cris Reyns-Chikuma, Assistant Professor, Comparative Literature, Lafayette College, USA

J. Ignacio Rivas, Head of Department, Didactica y Organizacion Escolar, Universidad de Malaga, Spain

James E. Roberson, Professor, Anthropology, Musashino Women's University, Japan

Jennifer Robertson, Professor, Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA

Michael Robinson, Associate Professor, Modern Korean History, Indiana University, USA  

Murray A. Rubinstein, Professor, Asian Studies, Baruch College of the City University of New York, USA

Marleigh Grayer Ryan, Professor Emerita, Japanese, State University of New York at New Paltz, USA

Sven Saaler, Researcher, Japanese History, German Institute for Japanese Studies, Japan

Wesley Sasaki-Uemura, Associate Professor, History, University of Utah, USA

Mitziko Sawada, Professor Emerita, History, Hampshire College, USA

Harold Z. Schiffrin, Professor Emeritus, Chinese Studies, Hebrew University, Israel

Andre Schmid, Associate Professor, Korean History, University of Toronto, Canada

Susan E. Schmidt, Executive Director, Alliance of Associations of Teachers of Japanese, University of Colorado, USA

Mitchell W. Sedgwick, Senior Research Fellow, Cross-cultural Studies, Oxford Brookes University, UK

Noriko Seguchi, Adjunct Assistant Scientist, Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA

Mark Selden, Professor, Sociology & History, State University of New York at Binghamton, USA

Maxine Seller, Professor Emerita, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

James D. Seymour, Senior Research Scholar, East Asian Studies, Columbia University, USA  

David Schaafsma, Associate Professor, English & English Education, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Robert Shaffer, Assistant Professor, History, Shippenburg University of Pennsylvania, USA

Stephen R. Shalom, Professor, Political Science, William Paterson University, USA

Michael J. Shapiro, Professor, Political Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA  

Hari Sharma, Professor Emeritus, Sociology, Simon Fraser University, Canada

George Shen, General Manager, Economic Information & Agency China Customs Statistics Information Service Center, Hong Kong

Ann Sherif, Associate Professor, Japanese Literature, Oberlin College, USA

Iwane Shibuya, Ph.D. Candidate, History, Murdoch University, Australia

Chung Bo Shim, Ph. D. Candidate, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Jeeyoung Shin, Associate Instructor, Media Studies, Indiana University, USA  

Mona Siegel, Assistant Professor, History, University of Cincinnati, USA

Michael Garbutcheon Singh, Professor, Education, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Australia

David Slater, Dissertator, Anthropology, University of Chicago, USA

Herman W. Smith, Professor, Sociology, University of Missouri at St. Louis, USA

Kerry Smith, Assistant Professor, History, Brown University, USA

Robert J. Smith, Professor Emeritus, Cornell University, USA

Alvin Y. So, Professor, Social Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, China

Raymond W. So, Assistant Professor, Finance, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Dorothy J. Solinger, Professor, Political Science, University of California at Irvine, USA

Kiho Song, Professor, Korean History, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea

Christopher Span, Assistant Professor, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

M. William Steele, Professor, History, International Christian University, Japan

Joel Stocker, Dissertator, Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Anne Stone, Retired Teacher, Special Education, US Department of Defense Dependent Schools, Belgium

Martin Stuart-Fox, Professor and Head of Department of History, University of Queensland, Australia

Yoshio Sugimoto, Professor, Sociology, La Trobe University, Australia

Hanqiu Sun, Associate Professor, Computer Science & Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Yan Sun, Professor, Political Science, City University of New York Queens College and Graduate Center, USA

Youl-Kwan Sung, Ph.D. Student, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Ayako Suzuki, Instructor, Education, University of Queensland, Australia

Robert C. H. Sweeny, Associate Professor, History, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada  

Shin'ichiro Takeda, Associate Professor, Law, Aichi University, Japan

Hiroaki Takeuchi, Ph.D. Student, Political Science, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Ping Kwan Tam, Senior Instructor, Mathematics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Siumi Maria Tam, Associate Professor, Anthropology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Yue-him Tam, Professor, History/Asian Studies, Macalester College, USA

Brij Tankha, Reader, Japanese History, Delhi University, India

Richard Tanter, Professor, International Relations, Kyoto Seika University, Japan

Hannah Tavares, Ph.D. Candidate, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Peter Taylor, Professor, Geography, Loughborough University, UK  

Yoko Terami, Associate Professor, Education, Kobe Shinwa Womenユs University, Japan

Magnus Thorkelsson, Assistant Headmaster, Flensborg Secondary School, Iceland

S. A. Thornton, Associate Professor, History, Arizona State University, USA

Jurjo Torres Santome, Professor, Education, Universidade da Corunha, Spain

Etsuro Totsuka, Associate Professor, Legal Studies, Kobe University, Japan

Kay M. Troost, Associate Professor, Sociology, North Carolina State University, USA

Kristina K. Troost, Librarian, International and Area Studies, Duke University, USA

Anna Tsing, Professor, Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA

E. Patricia Tsurumi, Professor Emerita, History, University of Victoria, Canada

Michael Tucker, Dissertator, Education, University of Wisconsin at Madison, USA

Patty Tucker, MFA and Lecturer, Art, University of Wisconsin at Madison, USA

Jennifer A. Vadeboncoeur, Assistant Professor, Education, Montana State University, USA

Peter Van Ness, Professor, Chinese Studies, Australian National University, Australia

Constantine Vaporis, Associate Professor, History, University of Maryland at Baltimore Country, USA

Stephen Vlastos, Professor, History, University of Iowa, USA

Edward Vickers, Independent Scholar & Textbook Author, Curriculum History, Hong Kong, China

Marisa Cristina Vorraber Costa, Professor, Curriculum and Cultural Policy, Universidade Federal do Rio Gande du Sul, Brazil

Carrie Waara, Associate Professor, History, Castleton State College, USA

Hine Waitere-Ang, Lecturer, Maori Education, Massey University, New Zealand

James Wald, Associate Professor, History, Hampshire College, USA

Immanuel Wallerstein, Senior Research Scholar, Sociology, Yale University, USA

Anzhong Wang, Professor, Physics, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Shuying Wan, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Medical Physics, Toronto-Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Canada

Enbao Wang, Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of Hawaii at Hilo, USA  

Gabe T. Wang, Associate Professor, Sociology, William Paterson University, USA

Hsiu-yun Wang, Dissertator, History of Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Vanessa B.Ward, Ph.D. Candidate, Australian National University, Australia

Graham Watson, Member, European Parliament, UK

Helen H. Wei, Ph.D. Candidate, Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA  

Lois M. Weis, Professor, Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Chen Weizheng, Professor, Business, Sichuan University, China

Cameron White, Associate Professor, Education, University of Houston, USA

Merry I. White, Professor, Anthropology, Boston University, USA

David Blake Willis, Professor, Cultural Studies, Soai University, Japan

France Winddance Twine, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of California at Santa Barbara, USA  

Guven Peter Witteveen, Outreach Coordinator, Asian Studies, Michigan State University, USA

Lawrence S. Wittner, Professor, History, State University of New York at Albany, USA

Derek Wolff, Ph.D. Candidate, History, University of Chicago, USA

Ting-Hong Wong, Professor, Education, Nan Hua University, Taiwan

Charles Worthen, Artist, Glastonbury, Connecticut, USA

Yi Wu, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, Columbia University, USA

Chen Xia, Professor, Religious Studies, Sichuan University, China

Keqing Xia, Associate Professor, Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Lili Xia, Software Engineer, Rational, USA

Gang Xiao, Professor, Physics, Brown University, USA

Jian Bin Xu, Associate Professor, Electronic Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Zhong Xu, Product Development Scientist, Arkwright Inc., Rhode Island, USA

Tomomi Yamaguchi, Ph.D. Candidate, Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA

Yuji Yamamoto, Professor, Sociology of Education, Kansai University, Japan

Haiping Yan, Associate Professor, Theatre & Comparative Literature, University of Colorado, USA

Yunxiang Yan, Associate Professor, Anthropology, University of California at Los Angeles, USA

Daqing Yang, Assistant Professor, Japanese History, George Washington University, USA

Jian Yang, Lecturer, Political Science, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Guocun Yang, Assistant Professor, History, Manchester Community College, USA

Buni Yani, Graduate Student, International Studies, Ohio University, USA

Anthony G.O. Yeh, Professor, Urban Planning, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Lisa Yoneyama, Associate Professor, Literature, University of California at San Diego, USA

Seungjoo Yoon, Assistant Professor, History, Carleton College, USA

Junji Yoshida, Ph.D. Candidate, East Asian Languages & Literature, University of Oregon, USA

Takashi Yoshida, Lecturer, Japanese History, Yale University, USA

Michiko Yusa, Professor, Japanese Philosophy, Western Washington University

Fengzheng Yu, Associate Dean of the Graduate School, Beijing Normal University, China

Zarni, Founder-Director, Education, Free Burma Coalition & Institute for Community and Institutional Development, Burma

Peter Zarrow, Senior Lecturer, History, University of New South Wales, Australia

Bin Zhang, Ph.D. Candidate, Education, University of Queensland, Australia

Jiping Zhang, Associate, Law, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett, Hong Kong, China

Wei Zhang, Lawyer, Jun He Law Offices, Beijing, China

Wenhong Zhang, Ph.D. Candidate, Sociology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

George Q. Zhao, China Specialist, Asian History, University of Toronto East Asian Library, Canada

Ming Zhou, Associate Professor, Technology, Indiana State University at Terre Haute, USA

Zehao Zhou, Assistant Professor, Information Literacy, York College of Pennsylvania, USA

Zhu Ling, Deputy Director, Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China

Yongping Zhu, Lecturer, Chinese Linguistics, Princeton University, USA

Howard Zinn, Professor Emeritus, Political Science, Boston University, USA

Lew Zipin, Lecturer, Education, University of Canberra, Australia

Jingaho Sun, Graduate Student, East Asian Studies, University of Toronto, Canada

Yijiang Zhong, Ph.D. Student, Japanese History, University of Toronto, Canada

Hiroko Yamada, Associate Professor, Social Work, Doshisha University. Japan

Yuriko Nagata, Senior Lecturer, Asian Languages and Cultures, University of Queensland, Australia


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